Amazing Places to Visit
McMurdo Dry Valleys
The Stone Wave
The Wave is located on the Colorado Plateau, near the Utah and Arizona border. The area is a gallery of gruesomely twisted sandstone, resembling deformed pillars, cones, mushrooms and other odd creations. Deposits of iron claim some of the responsibility for the unique blending of color twisted in the rock, creating a dramatic rainbow of pastel yellows, pinks and reds.
The Wave is made of Jurassic-age Navajo Sandstone that is approximately 190 million years old. Scientists who study The Wave say that the old sand dunes turned into hard compacted rock over the ages, calcifying in vertical and horizontal layers Erosion by wind and rain has created the spectacular landscape which appears now.
Horsetail Fall, located in Yosemite National Park in California, is a seasonal waterfall that flows in the winter and early spring. There are a few days every February where this fall is lit up by the setting sun and reflects a bright orange.
Caño Cristales – The Five Colors River
The National Natural Park, in the south end of the department of Meta, Colombia, has an area of 650.000 square kilometres where they will be able to see fascinating waterfalls of all the sizes, mighty rivers, cachiveras, streams and natural meadows.
The river has this pigmentation because the stones are covered with the moss and the algae. Yellow, blue, green, black and red, they are his five colors, which explain for the presence of algae of different colors.
The red color owes to a plant named Macarenia clavigera.
When the level of the water goes to the ideal point, the moss and the algae bloom with the brilliant colors.
A unique biological wonder Caño Cristales is one of those places you have to see to believe.
The Salt Pans at Maras
Forty kilometers from Cuzco, in the Cuzco Region of Peru, is the town of Maras, found in the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
Since pre-Inca times, salt has been obtained in Maras by evaporating salty water (provided by a nearby subterranean stream) in the sun, leaving the salt behind.
In the mines there are thousands of salt-pools; when light is reflected there the effect is said to be quite stunning.
Isolated from continental land masses for 18 million years, Yemen’s Socotra Island showcases an alien-like landscape with unusual plants and animals, such as the blood dragon tree, and desert rose. The island is an absolutely imaginary place with 700 extremely rare species of flora and fauna, found nowhere else on Earth. Its high degree of biodiversity has earned it the name the “Galápagos of the Indian Ocean.”.
Antarctica Dry Valley
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are a row of valleys in Antarctica located within Victoria Land west of McMurdo Sound and get virtually no snowfall or moisture of any kind. On a continent of ice these places are bare. On a restless planet they are still. More like Mars than Earth, Antarctica’s Dry Valleys draw scientists to study primitive life-forms and to look through the window that this changeless landscape opens into the depths of time.
The Lava Lake of Erta Ale Volcano in Ethiopia
Erta Ale is an active shield volcano located in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is the most active volcano in Ethiopia. Erta Ale stands 613 metres tall, with a lava lake, one of only four in the world-Erta Ale means “smoking mountain” in the local Afar language and its southernmost pit is known locally as “the gateway to hell”.
Dallol, Danakil Desert
Some have called this the “cruelest place on Earth.” Dallol is a volcano hidden beneath a kilometer-thick layer of salt in the Danakil depression in the Afar region, Ethiopia (at ~120 m below sea level). It manifests itself by an incredible variety of colorful springs and fumaroles in an alian landscape of salt, sulphur and other mineral deposits.
The term Dallol was coined by the Afar people and means dissolution or disintegration describing a landscape made up of green acid ponds ( pH-values less than 1) iron oxide, sulfur and salt desert plains.
Many volcanoes exist in the region, including Erta Ale and the Dabbahu Volcano
The Cave of Crystals
The Cave of Crystals (Cueva de los Cristales) is a chamber in the Naica Mine Located in Mexico, approximately 1,000 feet (300 m) down in the limestone host rock of the mine. The chamber contains giant selenite crystals, some of the largest natural crystals ever found.
Taklamakan is one of the largest sandy deserts in the world, is a paradigmatic cold desert climate. Given its relative proximity with the cold to frigid air masses in Siberia, extreme lows are recorded in wintertime, sometimes well below −20 °C (−4 °F). During the 2008 Chinese winter storms episode, the Taklamakan was reported to be covered for the first time in its entirety with a thin layer of snow reaching 4 centimetres (1.6 in), with a temperature of −26.1 °C (−15 °F) in some observatories.
The Río Tinto
The Río Tinto is a river in southwestern Spain that originates in the Sierra Morena mountains of Andalusia. Since ancient times, a site along the river has been mined for copper, silver, gold, and other minerals.
As a result of the mining, Río Tinto is notable for being very acidic (pH 2) and its deep reddish hue is due to iron dissolved in the water.
This river has gained recent scientific interest due to the presence of extremophile aerobic bacteria that dwell in the water. These life forms are considered the likely cause of the high acid content of the water. The subsurface rocks on the river bed contain iron and sulfide minerals on which the bacteria feed.
The extreme conditions in the river may be analogous to other locations in the solar system thought to contain liquid water, such as subterranean Mars. NASA scientists have also directly compared the chemistry of the water in which the rocks of Meridiani Planum ( Mars ) were deposited in the past with the Río Tinto.
The Chocolate Hills
The Chocolate Hills are an unusual geological formation in Bohol, Philippines. According to the latest accurate survey done there are 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometres (20 sq mi). They are covered in green grass that turns brown during the dry season, hence the name.
These hills consist of Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene, thin to medium bedded, sandy to rubbly marine limestones. These limestones contain the aboundant fossils of shallow marine foraminifera, coral, mollusks, and algae
Four legends explain the formation of the Chocolate Hills. The first tells the story of two feuding giants who hurled rocks, boulders, and sand at each other. The fighting lasted for days, and exhausted the two giants. In their exhaustion, they forgot about their feud and became friends, but when they left they forgot to clean up the mess they had made during their battle, hence the Chocolate Hills
A more romantic legend tells of a giant named Arogo who was extremely powerful and youthful. Arogo fell in love with Aloya, who was a simple mortal. Aloya’s death caused Arogo much pain and misery, and in his sorrow he could not stop crying. When his tears dried, the Chocolate Hills were formed.
The third legend tells of a town being plagued by a giant carabao, who ate all of their crops. Finally having had enough, the townsfolk took all of their spoiled food and placed it in such a way that the carabao would not miss it. Sure enough, the carabao ate it, but his stomach couldn’t handle the spoiled food, so he defecated, leaving behind him a mound of feces, until he had emptied his stomach of the food. The feces then dried, forming the Chocolate Hills.
The last legend is about a gluttonous giant named Dano that eats everything in his path. One day he came to a plain. He saw a beautiful young woman named Eng. To win her affection, he needed to lose weight. So he excreted everything he ate. In the end, his fecal matter covered the land and he won Eng’s affection.
The mysterious holes of Sarisarinama
The Sarisarinama is situated on the edges of the Amazonas and Gran Sabana provinces in southern Venezuela. Also known as the Sarisarinama Tepuy, it stands as one of the remotest mountains in the whole of Latin America.
The Sarisarinama has always astonished people by its mysterious holes or the ‘simas’. These are huge perfectly circular stone depressions, which are 350 meters deep and 350 meters wide. Till date biologists and geologists have been amazed by the challenging mystery of the simas. Some believe that the simas are caused due to underground water erosion. To discover these holes, mountaineers start the climb from the northern side of Sarisarinama and reach the simas by foot.
Stone Forest is a notable set of karst formations in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, in the Yunnan province of southwest China, approximately 85 km from the city of Kunming. The tall rocks seem to emanate from the ground in the manner of stalagmites, with many looking like trees made of stone, creating the illusion of a forest made of stone.
Kliluk, The Spotted Lake
Spotted Lake is a saline endorheic alkali lake located northwest of Osoyoos in British Columbia and is very highly concentrated with numerous different minerals.
In the summer, most of the water in the lake evaporates leaving behind all the minerals. Large “spots” on the lake appear and depending on the mineral composition at the time, the spots will be different colors. The spots are made mainly of magnesium sulfate, which crystallizes in the summer. Since in the summer, only the minerals in the lake remain, they harden to form natural “walkways” around and between the spots.
Spotted Lake contains some of the highest quantities in the world of magnesium sulfate, calcium and sodium sulphates.
Lencois Maranhenses a desert with lagoons
Located in the State of Maranhão, on the north shore of Brazil, the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park is an area of about 300 square kilometers (155,000 ha) of blinding white dunes and deep blue lagoons, forming one of the most beautiful and unique places in the world. The dunes invade the continent over 50km (31 miles) from the cost, creating a landscape that reminds a white bed sheet, when seen from above.
Lençóis Maranhenses looks like an archetypal desert. In fact it isn’t actually a desert. Lying just outside the Amazon basin, the region is subject to a regular rain season during the beginning of the year. The rains cause a peculiar phenomenon: fresh water collects in the valleys between sand dunes, spotting the desert with blue and green lagoons that reach their fullest between July and September.
The area is also surprisingly home to a variety of fish which, despite the almost complete disappearance of the lagoons during the dry season, have their eggs brought from the sea by birds.
Glow Worm Caves
The Waitomo Glowworm Cave is a cave filled with thousands of glowing glow-worms on the North Island of New Zealand. These glowworms are found exclusively in New Zealand and around the size of an average mosquito.
The Giant’s Causeway
The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is located in County Antrim, on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland.
Legend has it that the Irish warrior Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) built the causeway to walk to Scotland to fight his Scottish counterpart Benandonner. One version of the legend tells that Fionn fell asleep before he got to Scotland. When he did not arrive, the much larger Benandonner crossed the bridge looking for him. To protect Fionn, his wife Oonagh laid a blanket over him so he could pretend that he was actually their baby son. In a variation, Fionn fled after seeing Benandonner’s great bulk, and asked his wife to disguise him as the baby. In both versions, when Benandonner saw the size of the ‘infant’, he assumed the alleged father, Fionn, must be gigantic indeed. Therefore, Benandonner fled home in terror, ripping up the Causeway in case he was followed by Fionn.
The Southern Patagonian Icefield of Chile and Argentina hosts several spectacular glaciers—including Grey Glacier located in the Torres del Paine National Park in Chile. This glacier, which in 1996 had a measured total area of 270 square kilometers and a length of 28 kilometers (104 square miles in area, 17 miles long), begins in the Patagonian Andes Mountains to the west and terminates in three distinct lobes into Grey Lake.
Kyoto Bamboo Forest
Arashiyama is a wonderful place to take photos and is located just west of Kyoto and next to Sagano.rashiyama is perhaps most famous for it’s bamboo groves.
In Japan, a bamboo forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto shrine as part of a sacred barrier against evil. Many Buddhist temples also have bamboo groves.
Several Asian cultures, including that of the Andaman Islands, believe that humanity emerged from a bamboo stem. In the Philippine creation myth, legend tells that the first man and the first woman each emerged from split bamboo stems on an island created after the battle of the elemental forces (Sky and Ocean). In Malaysian legends a similar story includes a man who dreams of a beautiful woman while sleeping under a bamboo plant; he wakes up and breaks the bamboo stem, discovering the woman inside. The Japanese folktale “Tale of the Bamboo Cutter” (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. Hawaiian bamboo (‘ohe) is a kinolau or body form of the Polynesian creator god Kāne.
This island simply blows away any notion about what is considered �normal� for a landscape on Earth, you’d be inclined to think you were transported to another planet – or traveled to another era of Earth’s history.
The Great Pyramids
– Nasca Lines (by air)
– Machu Picchu
– The Paracas Chandelier
– Pyramids at Cahuachi site
– Regional museum of Ica
– Aukaupata site , Cuzco
– Saqsayhuaman site